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Survivors and Rescuers
Survivors
Zinaida Klimanovskaia
Leonid Serebriakov
Fenia Kleiman
Mikhail Felíberg
Mikhail Rossinskii
Iurii Pinchuk
Mariia Zanvelevich
Bronislava Fuks
Mariia Golídberg
Evgenia Podolskaia
Polina Belískaia
Tsilia Shport
Rescuers
Irina Maksimova
Mariia Egorycheva-Glagoleva

Bronislava Fuks

Born in Ziníkov, in the former Soviet Union (now Ukraine), in 1924, Bronislava survived two mass executions in the Ziníkov ghetto. In the summer of 1942, all the remaining Jews in Ziníkov were transferred to the Proskurov ghetto and later deported to the Dunaevtsy camp, where Bronislavaís mother and three brothers were executed in August 1942. Bronislava escaped from the camp in 1943 and fled east, hiding in villages and forests. Posing as a non-Jew, she was arrested in Smotrich in late 1943. While in prison, her health deteriorated, and she was sent to a local hospital. There she met members of a local underground group who helped her escape. Bronislava joined the underground group in Smotrich and, later, the Shchors partisan unit in the Kamenets-Podolískii region.

The Soviet army liberated the territory of her unitís operation on March 28, 1944.†

"That morning, everything seemed calm. But around lunchtime, dark clouds filled the sky with terrifying thunder and lightningÖ"
"Policemen were running around
knocking on doors and windows and yelling in Ukrainian, ďOpen up, Jews! Out, out!Ē
"I stayed in that chimney pipe for three months. I was soot-black like a devil. I could see just a small square
of blue sky above me. When I was thirsty, it felt like my tongue got stuck to my mouth because it was crackingÖ"
B. Fuks

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††††